Kamis, 27 Agustus 2009


Jaipongan is a genre of dance that was born from the creativity of an artist from Bandung, gugum Gumbira. Attention to folk art one of them is making Tap Tilu really know and recognize patterns perbendaharan dance tradition that is at Kliningan / or Tap Tilu Bajidoran. Opening movements, pencugan, nibakeun and several varieties of motion of several arts mincid above have enough inspiration to develop the art of dance or now known as Jaipongan.

Prior to this performance art form emerged, there are several influences behind this social dance form. In West Java, for example, social dance is the influence of the Ball Room, which is usually in a dance-dance association could not be separated from the existence and pamogoran ronggeng. Ronggeng in social dance is no longer functioning for ceremonial activities, but for entertainment or slang way. Existence ronggeng in the performing arts attraction that invites sympathy for the pamogoran. For example in Tilu Tap dance is so well known by the Sundanese people, is expected this art popular around the year 1916. As a folk performance art, art is only supported by simple elements, such as covering waditra fiddle, drums, kulanter two, three beats, and gongs. Similarly with tarinya gestures that do not have a standard pattern of motion, simple costumes dancer as a reflection of democracy.

Along with the waning of the above types of arts, former pamogoran (viewers who actively participate in performing arts, Tap Tilu / Doger / Tayub) turned his attention to Kliningan performing arts, which in the North Coast region of West Java (Karawang, Bekasi, Purwakarta, Indramayu, and Subang ) known as the pattern Kliningan Bajidoran or events tarinya show has similarities with the previous art (Tap Tilu / Doger / Tayub). In the meantime, the existence of dance in popular enough Banjet Mask, especially in Karachi, where some Bajidoran motion patterns taken from the dance in this Banjet mask. In still koreografis dance appeared patterns tradition (Tap Tilu) which contains elements of the opening gestures, pencugan, nibakeun and several kinds of motion mincid which in turn becomes the basis Jaipongan dance creation. Some of the basic movements of dance other than Tap Jaipongan Tilu, and Mask Ibing Bajidor is Tayuban Banjet and Pencak Silat.

The emergence of dance works Gumbira gugum originally called Tap Tilu development, which is due to a basic dance from Tap Tilu development. The first work gugum Gumbira still very thick with color Tilu ibing Tap, both in terms of choreography and iringannya, who later became a popular dance called Jaipongan.


Jaipongan work first began to be known by the public is dance "Leaf Bojong Keser plus" and "Rendeng Bojong" both of which type of dance and dance partner's daughter (sons and daughters). From dance came a few names that are reliable Jaipongan dancers like Tati Saleh, Yeti Mamat, Eli Somali, and Dedi Kurniadi Pepen. Initial appearance of the dance could be a conversation, the central issue is the movement of erotic and vulgar. However, exposure to multiple media from print, the name becoming known Gumbira gugum community, especially after the dance Jaipongan in 1980 staged at the central station TVRI Jakarta. The impact of the popularity of the more increases the frequency of performances, both in the medium of television, celebration and festivals are held by private parties and government.

Jaipongan presence contributes significant to the activist art of dance for more active types of folk dances explore previously less attention. With the emergence of dance Jaipongan, used by activists to organize dance courses dance Jaipongan, used also by the pubs entrepreneur as a decoy night invited guests, where further development of this kind of business opportunities created by the activists of dance as an economic empowerment efforts by Dance Studios names or groups in some areas of West Java region, for example in Subang with Jaipongan style "kaleran" (north).

Characteristic Jaipongan kaleran style, which is fun, erotic, humorous, spirit, spontaneity, and simplicity (naturally, as it is). This pattern was reflected in the presentation of dance on the show, there is a given pattern (Pattern Ibing) as in art Jaipongan in Bandung, as well as others who do not dance dipola (Ibing Saka), for example in art Jaipongan Subang and Karawang. This term can we meet the Jaipongan kaleran style, especially in the Subang area. In the presentation, this Jaipongan kaleran style, as follows: 1) Tatalu; 2) Flower Bluebird; 3) Fruit Kawung Gopar; 4) Dance Opening (Ibing Pattern), usually performed by a single dancer or Tatandakan Sinden (sinden attack but can not sing but dance songs sinden / interpreter kawih); 5) Jeblokan and Jabanan, is part of the show when the audience (bajidor) Sawer money (jabanan) while greeting paste. Jeblokan term is defined as a permanent partner between sinden and the audience (bajidor).

Further development occurred in dance Jaipongan taahun-1980-1990's, where gugum Gumbira create another dance such as Toka-TOKA, Setra Sari, Sonteng, Pencug, Heron dazed, convoy, procession leaves Puring, Rawayan, and Dance Kawung Anten. From these dances up a capable dancer Jaipongan include Iceu Effendi, Yumiati Mandiri, Miming Mintarsih, Nani, Erna, Mira Tejaningrum, Ine Dinar, Ega, nuni, Cepy, agah, Aa Suryabrata, and Asep.

Today Jaipongan dance may be called as one of West Java keseniaan identity, it is apparent on several important events relating to visitors from foreign countries who came to West Java, it was greeted with Jaipongan dance performances. Similarly with missions to foreign countries, art is always equipped with Jaipongan dance. Dance Jaipongan affect many other art-art in the West Java communities, both in the performing arts, puppets, gamelan, genjring / flying, kacapi jaipong, and almost all show the people and the modern dangdut music dikolaborasikan with the arts Jaipong Pong-Dut. Jaipongan has diplopori by Mr. Nur & Leni
Jaipong also when one of the art for the body as well as healthy, beautiful movements and graceful dancers healthy and make the audience stunned, like a young kid nation next sunda do not forget one of the art heritage, we preserve not let the children forget to tell your grandson regards art, because life without art terassa empty, then the special art of his love of art sunda.



LAND Sundanese (authority), Gemah Ripah (Tur Endah), Nu Ngumbara Like home .... At the other children come to sing songs of love Peterpan, Dawn Imani (5) actually likes singing Ki Sunda Mang Koko work which contains advice for people to preserve Sundanese culture and beauty of the land of their ancestors. He also had another favorite song, Turbans Palid.

Students in kindergarten are watching television, still wearing a shirt with a typical Sundanese collarless shirt, pants and three-quarters, and batik headbands. He had just returned Sundanese performing arts at Saung Angklung Udjo in one afternoon.

Dawn who appear confident looked embarrassed when at home. "If the house like kids. Often shy," said Rukmini Iim (37). Iim and Maman Suherman (35), Dawn's parents, very proud of him. "What are quickly taught him to catch. His talent in the arts of Sunda, too. Still, he had nursed can follow Sundanese dance movement," said Iim.

Dawn joined the activities Udjo Saung Angklung art from the age of 2.5 years. Make the children in the surrounding streets Padasuka, Pasirlayu Sub-District, District of South Cibeunying, Saung Angklung Udjo is the most widely played. "Dawn had chimed in her friend just to play there. Er ... long dance bandwagon, too," said Iim.

Had admired his ability to dance teachers of art at Saung Angklung Udjo. During the 2.5 years of galvanized Sundanese art, now Dawn was able to sing some kawih or songs, dancing and playing musical instruments Sundanese.
Instrument is already mastered and arumba angklung.

Because of artistic ability in the Sunda an early age, he was also often invited to perform to some cities, even to appear before the figures of the number one in Indonesia and the world. Not infrequently, he stage with famous artists he admired usually on the screen, one of which is Joshua. "My house never tired of playing enggak angklung. Kan, seneng," she said innocently, when found at Gedung Sate, Bandung, before appearing before the Governor of Jakarta, West Java, Tokyo, and the delegation from Manila and Taipei.

While waiting their turn to perform a dance while playing angklung Sundanese, Dawn and the other kids jokes to each other and running. Aditya Degree Ramadhan (8), who familiarly called Rama, was also in love with the art of Sundanese. If the roads to the record store, he would choose the tapes containing songs or instrumental typical Sundanese first before taking a tape of pop music or other types. Has dozens of cassette and compact disc collection Rama Sundanese music. He is also a fan of puppet show.

Not only the tapes puppet show, Rama is also willing to stay up until the early hours to watch a show on television puppet show that is usually aired at midnight until the early hours. Wayang puppet show is a typical Sundanese. The character is shaped sculpture made of wood. His characters include Cepot and Semar.

When her father is free on Sunday, Rama is almost always invite his father, Eddy Juhana (40), to accompany him to watch play Gogonjakan Sundanese. Gogonjakan is Sundanese language play that tells an event filled with live advice and inserted a joke. Ketoprak art similar to the Javanese culture. People like the Gogonjakan Ohan Jenong and became his favorite. "I want to be an artist Sunda," said Rama about his ideals.

Rama admitted loved the arts area. Rama pride of Sundanese arts grew along with her active in the arts activities are held Saung Angklung Udjo. He saw many of the guests smiling, clapping hands, and come enjoy the art presented Sundanese.

Delight of the audience, whether originating from the same culture or different or foreign audiences, have developed a deep love in him.

Beyond that, the Sundanese arts activities undertaken Rama has made him smart socializing. "I myself was surprised, at home he liked bermanja-spoiled, uh ... turn was asked to play with the senior artist, he can discuss fun," said Widayanti (38), his mother.

Rama also be confident in public. Which occurred to him when viewed by others is to show the best ability. "I do not know why. Just wanted to look good aja," she spoiled her body leaned on her father who was sitting on the side.

Rama joined in Sundanese arts activities Saung Angklung Udjo since I was four years old. Initially, since there was no clearing, Rama followed his friends who often play football or do other children play in the yard Udjo Saung Angklung.

Saung Angklung art complex Udjo has extensive land and trees, where children can play ball or to play cat and mouse. Cat and mouse game requires the children to hide.

If the enemy found him, he had to run and only lost if the enemy can catch it. At the same time, most of the children who play at Saung Angklung Udjo also fill Sundanese art events there.

They perform in front of guests who mostly come from abroad. Than just playing cat and mouse, Rama joined together to perform at art events in Saung Angklung Udjo.

He now has a good play musical instruments such as the Sundanese angklung, saron, drums, drums, arumba, and bonang. He is also good at singing songs Sundanese.